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What is mesothelioma?

What is mesothelioma?

Mesothelioma is a type of cancer that develops from a thin layer of tissue that covers many internal organs (known as the mesothelium). The lung lining and chest wall are the most affected areas. Usually, the lining of the abdomen and rarely the sac around the heart or the sac around the testicles can be affected. Signs and symptoms of mesothelioma can include fluid around the lungs, swollen abdomen, chest wall pain, cough, fatigue and shortness of breath due to weight loss. These symptoms usually come on gradually.

What is asbestos?
Asbestos is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals, each of which has its own daily synthesis habit: long (about 1:20 ratio), thin fibrous crystals with each visible fiber forming millions of microscopic “fibrils” that can cause abrasion and friction. other processes. Released by These are commonly known as blue asbestos, brown asbestos, white asbestos and green asbestos.

Asbestos mining existed over 4,000 years ago, but large-scale mining began in the late 19th century when manufacturers began using asbestos for its desirable physical properties: sound absorption, average tensile strength, fire resistance, heat, electricity, and strength. . It was used in applications such as electrical insulation for hotplate cables and building insulation. When asbestos is used to resist fire or heat, the fibers are often mixed with cement or woven into fabric or mats. These desirable properties have made asbestos widely used. Asbestos use continued to increase throughout the 20th century until public awareness of the health risks of inert asbestos (mandated through courts and legislatures) became mainstreamed in construction and fireproofing in most countries. Prolonged asbestos fiber inhalation can cause serious and serious illnesses, including lung cancer, mesothelioma, and asbestosis (a type of pneumoconiosis). In modern times, concern about asbestos-related illnesses began in the 20th century and increased in the 1920s and 1930s. Between the 1960s and 1990s, unrestricted trade and use were increasingly restricted, phased out, or banned in many countries.
Mesothelioma in the United States
Did you know that doctors in the United States diagnose about 3,000 mesotheliomas a year? Most of them trace work exposure to asbestos. Most people have pleural mesothelioma in the lining of the lungs, but cancer can also develop around the lining of the stomach or heart. Although the use of asbestos in this country has decreased in recent decades, many people still suffer from mesothelioma. Because cancer can take 20 to 50 years from exposure to asbestos before these symptoms appear, and an oncologist can make a definitive diagnosis. Although mesothelioma and vision are generally poor, researchers have made significant progress in understanding the cancer and developing new treatment options and alternative therapies.

Mesothelioma Diagnosis and Survival When diagnosed with mesothelioma, the mesothelioma prognosis is generally poor because there is no cure for the disease and it is usually discovered late in its development. Generally, the sooner mesothelioma is diagnosed, the better the patient’s prognosis.
How does asbestos cause mesothelioma cancer?
Mesothelioma usually develops after exposure to asbestos in workplaces, industrial establishments, shipyards, auto repair shops, old homes, schools, and public buildings. Although long-term exposure is usually what puts someone at risk, short-term and one-time exposures can also cause this cancer. Mesothelioma and asbestos have a special connection because asbestos exposure can lead to a malignant mesothelioma prognosis.
Asbestos can cause health complications when work duties or other activities disturb asbestos-containing material and release fibers into the air. When we inhale or ingest these microscopic fibers, our bodies fight to eliminate them. Over the decades, the trapped fibers have triggered biological changes that can cause inflammation, scarring and genetic damage, sometimes leading to cancer. The long interval between asbestos exposure and diagnosis is called the latency period.

Asbestos fibers often get stuck in the lining of the lungs, called the pleura. They can collect in the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum) or heart (pericardium). Once the fibers cause biological damage, the stage is set for decades to develop malignant mesothelioma. Mesothelioma treatment

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